1000 year Heat Wave and Unprecedented Flooding

August 10, 2010 by  
Filed under Climate Change

The worst heatwave in at least the last 1,000 years continues to devastate Russia while unprecedented flooding continues in Pakistan.  We’ve all witnessed the misery in Pakistan on our TVs but few of us know of the devastation occurring in Russia. The BBC and a few newspapers are just starting sporadic reports of the hellish scene that is destroying the landscape there.

Snippets monitored this morning from the Russian TV news network Russia Today (RT.com) indicates a continuing emergency as wildfires caused by an extreme heatwave continue in 17 Russian districts. Experts are saying this is the worst Russian heatwave for at least 1000 years based on physical records.

This has become a catalysing ‘wake-up’ call for Russians whose government has steadfastly denied the human cause for climate change. As mentioned in an earlier article Russian President Medvedev has admitted that humans are causing climate change and he urged all countries to take urgent action to cut the emissions of greenhouse gases.  This sudden turnaround is a dirct result of the apolcalyptic heatwave conditions that Russia is experiencing this summer.  For the past 30 days Moscow has consistantly matched or exceeded the high temperatures of Cairo and most other capitol cities around the world.

Here are some of the comments from today’s Russian news media:

# Experts are saying this is the worst Russian heatwave for at least 1000 years based on physical records.

# The death rate in Moscow is twice normal for this time of year.

# Over 100,000 people have left Moscow by air this past Sunday in an effort to escape the heat and toxic fumes from wildfires and peat bog fires. Many are going to tropical areas to escape the heat!

# Russia is covered by thick smoke and haze with visibility down to less than 50 metres in some areas.

# The levels of poisonous carbon monoxide are 4-5 times the normal levels in Moscow’s air creating concern for public health throughout the region.  CO2 levels are also elevated.

# Peat bog fires continue and will be difficult to control as they burn underground.  They are the main source of the poisonous carbon monoxide gas emissions due to incomplete combustion.

# The number of fires went from 650 to over 850 over the weekend according to NASA satellite monitoring of the situation.  Some fires are now under control but continue to burn.

# Property loss is estimated to be at least $15 billion.

For most of us, the evidence is clear and the warning is stark.  We must do everything possible to reduce our CO2 emissions as a matter of urgency.  Because the question in most people’s mind is “will we be next?”  It’s time for action not more words about solving the climate crisis.  Scientists have warned for decades that increasing CO2 in the atmosphere will create extremes in weather patterns as the climate changes from the relatively stable conditions that we have all grown up with into a more horiffic state of extremes.  The same area might experience devastating killer heatwaves in summer and record flooding in winter which washes away precious agricultural topsoil.

Russia has lost an estimated 30% of its grain crop as a result of the heatwave and wildfires.  President Medvedev announced a ban on grain exports and Vladimir Putin said today that the ban may last indefinitely as Russia will seek to stockpile grain for its own use in case the heatwave is repeated next summer.  This will cause grains prices around the world to skyrocket and bring higher food prices to the UK.

Of course, we have our own dis-believers who against all evidence to the contrary believe there is nothing to worry about and we should continue business as usual. One such ‘scientist’ was interviewed today on TV.  Piers Corbyn from Weather Action Foundation stated that the current heatwave in Russia is caused by the phases of the moon, and the sun-earth-moon magnetic state!

For those of us still living in the real world, you can help the people affected by flooding in Pakistan by donating to the Disasters Emergency Committee, www.dec.org.uk   For those living on planet Corbyn, perhaps a little moon dust srinkled around the house three times a day might help.

Russia Is Burning!

August 3, 2010 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Climate change denialists around the world have been dealt a fatal blow as the Russian government signals a change of attitude about man-made global warming. As 6 weeks of drought and record breaking high temperatures sweep across Russia, wildfires have engulfed 14 regions and destroyed thousands of homes. Twenty-five percent of the Russian grain crop has reportedly been destroyed and record prices for wheat have doubled in a single week.

According to Russian President Dmitri Medvedev: “practically everything is burning. The weather is anomalously hot.” “What’s happening with the planet’s climate right now needs to be a wake-up call to all of us, meaning all heads of state, all heads of social organizations, in order to take a more energetic approach to countering the global changes to the climate.”  (Time magazine  August 2010)

This is an amazing change of attitude for a major head of state and signals a shift in policy for Russia that may lead to a new era of cooperation to reduce CO2 gas emissions from fossil fuel burning. Russia, as one of the world’s largest exporters of oil and gas, has steadfastly denied that man-made global warming and human caused climate change exists.

Histon and Impington residents who tune into Freeview’s Russia Today TV channel have seen the devastation for themselves.  Moscow remains choked with smoke from burning wildfires throughout the region.  Temperatures rose to record highs last week at 38C and are expected to rise to over 40C today and throughout the month of August.  In many areas the ground itself is on fire as peat bogs which have been dried by the heat self-ignite. The live TV scenes look like a Hollywood-style horror film.

Scientists have been warning of such events for years.  Weather extremes, both hot and cold, are predicted to become more numerous and more severe as climate change grips the planet. Extreme drought and wildfires as well as torrential rains and flooding are to be expected in nearly every region of the earth. The latter can be seen in daily TV reports of the devastation in Pakistan where rainfall in a single day exceeded the previous monthly record set in 1956. Agriculture will become less and less reliable as the weather becomes more freakish and the resultant food shortages will drive prices to unprecedented levels bringing mass starvation to many populations. That, in turn, will cause extreme conflict as a massive wave of desperate human climate refugees seek new homes. 

Climate change is largely caused by human activity that has dramatically increased the amount of green house gases like CO2 and methane in the earth’s atmosphere, This traps natural sunlight and gradually increases the planet’s temperature. Ironically, the Copenhagen Climate conference in December 2009 failed to agree on an international plan of action to reduce green house gas emissions, in part, due to the opposition of Russia. The theft of private e-mails from the University of East Anglia and the subsequent turmoil of ‘climate gate’ allegations was also linked to Russian agents. 

For years scientists have pointed out that as the world’s temperature increases ‘tipping points’ will be reached.  These include intense wild fires and the destruction of peat bogs – both of which release massive amounts of additional CO2 into the atmosphere.  That extra CO2 increases the pace of global temperature rise which leads to more fires, and so on.  This quickly surpasses the ability of humans to control climate and leads us into a future that is very bleak. 

This summer we are seeing what the future may be like, and it is not pleasant.  This is our wake-up call, too. The ‘precautionary principle’ says we must act now, not tomorrow or next year, to cut CO2 emissions.  The technology to do this has existed for at least the past 25 years, if not longer.  Insulate your home. Consider installing solar panels to generate electricity and hot water.  Drive and fly less.  Support efforts to build a low carbon economy. Don’t sit back and think that someone else will do this for you. 

A vision of our ‘hellish’ future has unfolded before our eyes. We must act now to prevent it from happening. We have the means but do we have the will?  Failure is not an option.

Massive Arctic Ice Cap Is Shrinking

April 17, 2010 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Location of Devon Island in Arctic Canada. (Credit: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons)

Location of Devon Island in Arctic Canada. (Credit: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons)

ScienceDaily (Apr. 13, 2010) — Close to 50 years of data show the Devon Island ice cap, one of the largest ice masses in the Canadian High Arctic, is thinning and shrinking.

A paper published in the March edition of Arctic, the journal of the University of Calgary’s Arctic Institute of North America, reports that between 1961 and 1985, the ice cap grew in some years and shrank in others, resulting in an overall loss of mass. But that changed 1985 when scientists began to see a steady decline in ice volume and area each year.

“We’ve been seeing more mass loss since 1985,” says Sarah Boon, lead author on the paper and a Geography Professor at the University of Lethbridge. The reason for the change? Warmer summers.

- more

UK’s Best Known Environmentalist Speaks at IVC

February 1, 2010 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Tony Juniper - Executive Director, Friends of the Earth (UK) and now parliamentary candidate for Cambridge

Tony Juniper - Executive Director, Friends of the Earth (UK) and now parliamentary candidate for Cambridge

“The elections are coming, the elections are coming” might be the headline for the first half of the first year of this new decade. In the second half of the decade we may hear a more panicked cry: “The climate is changing, the climate is changing”. By then it could be too late, or too costly, to do anything about it.

It’s no secret that the climate conference in Copenhagen last December didn’t produce a binding agreement on the emission of greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide being the main concern. Since then, the world has seen the PR machines of those who stand to lose out if we clean up the environment working at full tilt to convince us that climate change isn’t real. Mother nature isn’t listening to them. However, some politicians may be. And, that is a major cause for concern.

Strong leadership at all levels of government is needed if effective steps are to be taken to stem our greenhouse gas emissions. What can two small village do? That’s one of the issues to be raised at a special community meeting called by HICCA at 7:30 PM on February 18th at IVC. The guest speaker will be Tony Juniper, best known as the former England director of Friends of the Earth and one of the contributors to the Climate Bill passed by Parliament last year. He isn’t a politician but as a campaigner he has debated, cajoled, convinced or battled most of them in his 25 year career. He is also running to represent Cambridge in Parliament under the Green party banner. That doesn’t make him a neo-politician, in fact, just the opposite.  He talks common sense.  

HICCA is inviting all residents of Histon and Impington to come and hear what advice Juniper can offer, and to ask tough questions of this long time environmental campaigner. It’s not a political campaign meeting – we can’t vote for Juniper – but it will help us to focus on ways that we can make our own local voices heard on all of the issues facing our community.
Please mark February 18th on your calendar and plan to arrive at Impington Village College a little earlier than the 7:30 PM start time. A large turnout is expected.  Info at www.hicca.org.uk

Climate Change Odds Much Worse Than Thought

May 21, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

The wheel on the right depicts researchers estimation of the range of probability of potential global temperature change over the next 100 years if no policy change is enacted on curbing greenhouse gas emissions. The wheel on the left assumes that aggressive policy is enacted.
A new report points to a global temperature rise of at least TWICE the previous esimate.  Rather than a 2.4C rise it could reach as high as 7.4C unless urgent and immediate action is taken now. The wheel on the right depicts researchers’ estimation of the range of probability of potential global temperature change over the next 100 years if no policy change is enacted on curbing greenhouse gas emissions. The wheel on the left assumes that aggressive policy is enacted.

ScienceDaily (May 20, 2009)

— The most comprehensive modeling yet carried out on the likelihood of how much hotter the Earth’s climate will get in this century shows that without rapid and massive action, the problem will be about twice as severe as previously estimated six years agoand could be even worse than that. 


Researchers in the field have been saying for some time that the effects of climate change are occurring much faster than labouratory computer models have predicted.  Now, those models are beginning to catch up.  The new projections indicate a surface warming of 5.2 degrees Celsius (which could reach 7.4 degrees) compared to a increase in the 2003 study of just 2.4 degrees.

The important message that comes from this new report is the need for immediate action to prevent a planetary disaster.   Action must come from each of us.  There is no technological ‘magic bullet’ that will save us from disaster.  We as individuals must act to reduce our personal CO2 emissions RIGHT NOW.  We must act as nations to set strict policies to reverse the growth of greenhouse gas emissions.  The time for debate has passed.  Action, urgent action, is needed. 

For details on the scientific report see: Science Daily

A Frustrating E-mail

May 6, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Many of you will instantly recognise the name – Jim Hansen.  He’s the NASA scientist who, as Head of the Goddard Institute in the US, has been at the forefront of the Climate Change movement.  He’s the guy who has access to all of the data collected by NASA and countless other scientists working in the field and in labs around the world. And, the guy who probably has the clearest vision of what the future holds if we continue burning fossil fuels.  He understands that we are in the grips of a planetary emergency – but nobody seems to care all that much.  We’re seeing many of the same things happen here, and share in the same frustrations.

This is what his e-mail said:

            ” … My frustration arises from the huge gap between words of governments, worldwide, and their actions or planned actions.  It is easy to speak of a planet in peril.  It is quite another to level with the public about what is needed, even if the actions are in everybody’s long-term interest. 

            “Instead governments are retreating to feckless “cap-and-trade”, a minor tweak to business-as-usual.  Oil companies are so relieved to realize that they do not need to learn to be energy companies that they are decreasing their already trivial investments in renewable energy.  They are using the money to buy greenwash advertisements.  Perhaps if politicians and businesses paint each other green, it will not seem so bad when our forests burn.

            “Cap-and-trade is the temple of doom.  It would lock in disasters for our children and grandchildren.  Why do people continue to worship a disastrous approach?  Its fecklessness was proven by the Kyoto Protocol.  It took a decade to implement the treaty, as countries extracted concessions that weakened even mild goals.  Most countries that claim to have met their obligations actually increased their emissions.  Others found that even modest reductions of emissions were inconvenient, and thus they simply ignored their goals.

            “Why is this cap-and-trade temple of doom worshipped?  The 648 page cap-and-trade monstrosity that is being foisted on the U.S. Congress provides the answer.  Not a single Congressperson has read it.  They don’t need to – they just need to add more paragraphs to support their own special interests.  By the way, the Congress people do not write most of those paragraphs – they are “suggested” by people in alligator shoes.

            “The only defense of this monstrous absurdity that I have heard is “well, you are right, it’s no good, but the train has left the station”.  If the train has left, it had better be derailed soon or the planet, and all of us, will be in deep do-do.  People with the gumption to parse the 648-pages come out with estimates of a price impact on petrol between 12 and 20 cents per gallon.  It has to be kept small and ineffectual, because they want to claim that it does not affect energy prices!

            “It seems they would not dream of being honest and admitting that an increased price for fossil fuels is essential to drive us to the world beyond fossil fuels.  Of course, there are a huge number of industries and people who do not want us to move to the world beyond fossil fuels – these are the biggest fans of cap-and-trade.  Next are those who want the process mystified, so they can make millions trading, speculating, and gaming the system at public expense.

            “The science has become clear: burning all fossil fuels would put Earth on a disastrous course, leaving our children and grandchildren with a deteriorating situation out of their control.  The geophysical implication is that most of the remaining coal and unconventional fossil fuels (tar shale, etc.) must be left in the ground or the emissions captured and put back in the ground.  A corollary is that it makes no sense to go after every last drop of oil in the most remote and pristine places – we would have to fight to get the CO2 back out of the air or somehow “geoengineer” our way out of its effects.

           “A more sensible approach is to begin a rapid transition to a clean energy future, beyond fossil fuels – for the sake of our children and grandchildren, already likely to be saddled with our economic debts, and to preserve the other species on the planet.  Such a path would also eliminate mercury emissions, most air pollution, acid rain and ozone alerts, likely reversing trends toward increasing asthma and birth defects.  Such an energy future would also halt the drain on our treasure and lives resulting from dependence on foreign energy sources.

            “What is it that does not compute here?  Why does the public choose to subsidize fossil fuels, rather than taxing fossil fuels to make them cover their costs to society?  I don’t think that the public actually voted on that one.  It probably has something to do with all the alligator shoes in Washington.  Those 2400 energy lobbyists in Washington are not well paid for nothing.  You have three guesses as to who eventually pays the salary of these lobbyists, and the first two guesses don’t count.

            “I get a lot of e-mails telling me to stick to climate, that I don’t know anything about economics.  I know this: the fundamental requirement for transition to the post fossil fuel era is a substantial and rising price on carbon emissions.  And businesses and consumers must understand that it will continue to rise in the future.

            “Of course, a rising carbon price alone is not sufficient for a successful rapid transition to the post fossil fuel era.  There also must be efficiency standards on buildings, vehicles, appliances, electronics and lighting.  Barriers to efficiency, such as utilities making more money when we use more energy, must be removed.

            “But the essential underlying requirement is a substantial rising carbon price.  Building standards, especially operations, for example, are practically unenforceable without a strong cost driver.  The carbon price must be sufficient to affect lifestyle choices.

            “648 pages are not needed to define a carbon fee.  It is a single number that would be ratcheted upward over time.  It would cover all three fossil fuels at their source: the mine or port of entry.  Consumers do not directly pay any tax, but the fee’s effect permeates everything from the price of fuel to the price of food (especially if it is imported from halfway around the world).

            “As a point of reference a fee equivalent to $1/gallon of gasoline ($115/ton CO2) would yield $670B in the United States (based on energy use data for 2007).  That would provide a dividend of $3000/year to legal adult residents in the United States ($9000/year to a family with two or more children).

            “A person reducing his carbon footprint more than average would gain economically, if the fee is returned 100 percent to the public on a per capita basis.  With the present distributions of income and energy use, it is estimated that about 60 percent of the people would get a dividend exceeding their tax.  So why would they not just spend their dividend on expensive fuel?  Nobody wants to pay more taxes.  They prefer to have the money for other things.  As the price of fossil fuels continues to increase, people would conserve energy, choose more energy efficient vehicles, and choose non-fossil (untaxed) energies and products.

            “Hey, does anybody know a great communicator, who might level with the public, explain what is needed to break our addiction to fossil fuels, to gain energy independence, to assure a future for young people?  Who would explain what is really needed, rather than hide behind future “goals” and a gimmick “cap”?  Naw.  Roosevelt and Churchill are dead.  So is Kennedy.”


Hotter, drier summer forecast

April 30, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Well, maybe it wont be THAT dry!

Well, maybe it won't be THAT dry!

A hotter and drier than average summer is expected this year, according to the Met Office seasonal forecast. Ewen McCallum, Met Office chief forecaster, said: “The last two summers were wet for many but featured near-average temperatures. This summer’s forecast predicts a change, with below average rainfall and above average temperatures. We expect a trend of warmer summers in the decades ahead because of climate change.”


“For the UK and much of northern Europe rainfall is likely to be near or below average. A repeat of the wet summers of 2007 and 2008 is unlikely.  Average or below-average rainfall is also likely over eastern Europe.
We base our average rainfall on measurements over the whole season for the years 1971-2000.  The UK average for June to August is 227 mm.”


“For the UK and much of Europe temperatures are likely to be above average. As you would expect, temperatures can vary quite widely over the summer. So we take an average for the whole season and measure against that.   The UK average for June to August from 1971–2000 is 14.1 °C.”

Scientists Surprised

April 6, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

In the summer of 2007, a large portion of Arctic Sea ice – about 40 per cent – simply vanished. That wasn’t supposed to happen. At least not yet. As recent as 2004, scientists had predicted it would take another 50 to 100 years for that much ice to melt. Yet here it was happening today.

It raised the question: Had global warming suddenly pressed the gas pedal to the floor? If so, the world was in for quite a climate ride – dramatic, jarring changes in climate much sooner than expected. Climate scientists were deeply worried.

“It really caught the scientific community by surprise,” Professor James Ford, a McGill University geographer and Arctic expert recalled. “The Arctic system is close to crossing the threshold beyond which we will get dramatic changes in climate.”

The sudden mass melting brought an earlier ice event into new perspective. In 2005, scientists at the Canadian Ice Service, the nation’s leading ice specialists, were examining satellite images when they noticed that the Ayles Ice Shelf, which is about as big as the island of Montreal, had suddenly broken free from the top of Ellesmere Island and floated away.

Vincent Warwick, an Arctic expert at Université Laval, said at the time: “This is a dramatic and disturbing event. It shows that we are losing remarkable features of the Canadian North that have been in place for many thousands of years. We are crossing climate thresholds, and these may signal the onset of accelerated change ahead.”

The ice melt of 2007 seemed to confirm Warwick’s fears. Reports since then claim the Arctic ice could be gone by 2013.
We have already crossed some critical climate thresholds. The world not only has to drastically cut back its greenhouse gas emissions but also begin to take steps to deal with the inevitable changes that global warming will cause. The much-feared tipping points – which would cause massive icecap and ice shield melting, and plunge the world headlong into severe weather systems, causing broad devastation and rising seas – seem increasingly probable.

This is why, scientists say, the United Nations climate talks that began this week in Bonn, Germany, and will culminate in Copenhagen, Denmark, in December, are so important. They are a last chance for the world to come to its senses and negotiate an agreement to drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Article continues:  http://www2.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/saturdayextra/story.html?id=cdba2d64-0803-478a-8e26-7ba82f5596fe

Published: Saturday, April 04

The Age of Stupid (UPDATE 2)

March 25, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

CambridgeArt’s Picturehouse has AGAIN extended its screenings of the Age of Stupid from 2, then 6 and now  to a full 8 days, April 1st – 8th.  Don’t miss it!
The Age of Stupid is the new movie from Director Franny Armstrong (McLibel) and producer John Battsek (One Day In September). Pete Postlethwaite stars as a man living alone in the devastated future world of 2055, looking at old footage from 2008 and asking: why didn’t we stop climate change when we had the chance? 


(see video clips below)Showing at the Arts Picturehouse
38-39 St Andrew’s Street, Cambridge, CB2 3AR
Box Office: 0871 704 2050




The Age of Stupid (12A)

Friday 03 Apr

12:00   16:45  

Saturday 04 Apr

12:00   16:45  

Sunday 05 Apr

12:00   16:45  

Monday 06 Apr

12:00   16:45  

Tuesday 07 Apr

12:00   16:45  

Wednesday 08 Apr


Special Events at the Screenings:

Friday 3rd April, 4.45 - Tom Woodcock, Secretary of Cambridge & Distrct Trade Union Council

Saturday 4th April, 4.45 – After-show talk with Tony Juniper, leading light of the Big Ask campaign

Monday 6th April, 4.45 – After-show talk with Natalie Szarek, Climate Camp

Thursday 9th April, 4.45 - After-show talk with Daniel Vockins, Not Stupid Campaign Coordinator

Tom Woodcock

Tom Woodcock is the secretary of Cambridge & Distrct Trade Union Council, where he is involved in the campiagn against climate change and pushing for a green and sustainable economy in the face of the current fincancial crisis.

Tony Juniper

Tony Juniper was executive director of Friends of the Earth for many years, and is now the Green Party’s general election candidate for Cambridge. He is an independent environmental and sustainability advisor, columnist and author of several books, and one of the most experienced and diverse environmental campiagners in Britain today.

Natalie Szarek

Natalie Szarek has been involved in activism against climate change through lobbying, grassroots organising and direct action. She has recently returned from the Climate Camp in the City protest at the G20 talks in London, and will be discussing how the environmental and economic crises and inextricably linked.

Daniel Vockins

Not Stupid Campaign Coordinator Daniel Vockins is a prolific climate change obsessive who joined Team Stupid from the Presidency of the Sussex Student Union. His position on the Not Stupid campaign means he is a very good man to talk to about what we should actually do in response to the desperate question posed to humanity by The Age of Stupid.

Video Clips:

The Age of Stupid: final trailer Feb 2009 from Age of Stupid on Vimeo.


The Making Of – War from Age of Stupid on Vimeo.

The Age of Stupid: NGO voxpops in Edinburgh from Age of Stupid on Vimeo.

The Age of Stupid: Fundraiser voxpops from Age of Stupid on Vimeo.

The Age of Stupid: Mark Lynas at Fundraiser from Age of Stupid on Vimeo.

Stern Attacks Politicians Over Inaction

March 14, 2009 by  
Filed under Climate Change

Nicholas Stern, the prominent economist appointed by Gordon Brown to analyse the impact of climate change, has attacked politicians for failing to take on board the severe consequences of failing to cut world carbon emissions.

According to Guardian Reporter David Adam: “His stark warning about the potentially “devastating” consequences of global warming came as scientists issued a desperate plea last night for world leaders to curb greenhouse gas emissions or face an ecological and social disaster.”

“In a significant break from the scientific tradition not to comment directly on policy, the experts insisted politicians must stand up to “vested interests that increase emissions” and “build on a growing public desire for governments to act”.

The Telegraph is reporting: “At an emergency climate summit in Copenhagen, scientists agreed that ‘worst case’ scenarios were already becoming reality and that, unless drastic action was taken soon, ‘dangerous climate change’ was imminent.”

‘Softly-softly’ Approach Isn’t Working

Prof Kevin Anderson, the research director at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research in Manchester, said: “Scientists have lost patience with carefully constructed messages being lost in the political noise. We are now prepared to stand up and say enough is enough.”

Speaking after giving a keynote speech, Stern said he feared that politicians had not grasped the seriousness of the crisis. “Do the politicians understand just how difficult it could be? Just how devastating four, five, six degrees centigrade would be? I think not yet. Looking back, the Stern review underestimated the risks and underestimated the damage from inaction.

He added: “Much of southern Europe would look like the Sahara. Many of the major rivers of the world, serving billions of people, would dry up in the dry seasons or re-route.

“What would be the implication? Hundreds of millions of people would have to move, probably billions. What would be the implication of that? Extended conflict, social disruption, war essentially, over much of the world for many decades.”

The Prince of Wales on a tour of South America warned that nations were “at a defining moment in the world’s history” over climate change. He delivered his most impassioned and urgent plea yet on the need to tackle global warming, saying there were “less than 100 months” to save the planet.

Complied from:


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